Does Velvet Antler Increase Testosterone?

The practice of consuming velvet antler, the immature antlers of deer, elk, or moose, has a long history in traditional Chinese medicine, where it is believed to promote strength, enhance immunity, and improve sexual function. In recent years, velvet antler has been marketed as a dietary supplement, with manufacturers claiming it can increase testosterone levels. But what does the scientific evidence say about these claims?

Understanding Velvet Antler

Before delving into the question of whether velvet antler can boost testosterone, it’s essential to understand what velvet antler is and its traditional uses.

Velvet antler refers to the cartilaginous antlers in pre-calcified stage of growth, typically harvested from farmed elk, deer, or moose. These antlers regenerate rapidly every year, making them a sustainable source. They’re called “velvet” due to their soft, fuzzy appearance before they fully calcify and turn into hard antlers.

In traditional Chinese medicine, velvet antler has been used for over 2,000 years to treat a variety of ailments, from arthritis and infertility to growth deficiencies. Recently, it’s gained traction in the west as a natural supplement with claims ranging from improving athletic performance to boosting testosterone levels.

Velvet Antler and Testosterone

Manufacturers of velvet antler supplements often claim that these products can increase testosterone levels, leading to benefits like improved muscle growth and enhanced sexual performance. They suggest that velvet antler contains compounds that can stimulate the body’s natural production of testosterone. However, it’s critical to scrutinize these claims in light of scientific evidence.

As of now, research into velvet antler’s impact on testosterone levels is limited and inconclusive. While some studies have suggested potential benefits, they often have significant limitations such as small sample sizes, lack of control groups, and methodological flaws.

For instance, a study published in the “Journal of Ethnopharmacology” found an increase in testosterone levels in laboratory mice given velvet antler extract. However, extrapolating these results to humans is not straightforward.

Most human trials have failed to find a significant impact on testosterone levels. A study published in the “International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance” evaluated the effects of velvet antler supplementation in male athletes and found no significant changes in total testosterone, free testosterone, or other hormonal markers.

The Health Warnings

Despite the limited and inconclusive evidence supporting velvet antler’s testosterone-boosting effects, it’s also crucial to be aware of potential risks and side effects. Some velvet antler products have been found to contain potentially harmful substances, such as heavy metals or bacteria, due to insufficient regulation and quality control.

In terms of side effects, some individuals may experience allergic reactions to velvet antler. Furthermore, as with any supplement claiming to affect hormone levels, there’s the potential risk of disrupting the body’s natural hormonal balance, leading to unforeseen health consequences.

The Takeaway for Consumers

While the idea of a natural supplement that can boost testosterone levels might be appealing, the scientific evidence supporting the testosterone-boosting claims of velvet antler is, at best, limited and inconclusive.

Consumers should approach these products with caution, considering both the lack of robust evidence supporting their effectiveness and the potential health risks. It’s always a good idea to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen, especially if it claims to influence hormone levels.

The Future of Velvet Antler Research

Despite the current lack of solid evidence supporting velvet antler’s testosterone-boosting effects, it’s worth noting that this does not conclusively prove it’s ineffective. The field is ripe for further research, with well-designed, large-scale, randomized controlled trials needed to conclusively determine whether velvet antler can increase testosterone levels in humans.

Furthermore, research into other potential benefits of velvet antler may also be warranted. For instance, some studies suggest it may have anti-inflammatory effects, which could make it beneficial for conditions such as osteoarthritis.


In conclusion, the current scientific evidence does not support the claims that velvet antler can significantly increase testosterone levels. Consumers should approach these products with caution and seek professional medical advice before starting any new supplement regimen.

As the field continues to evolve, one can only hope that future research will shed more light on velvet antler’s potential benefits and risks, leading to a better understanding and safer use of this traditional remedy.


  1. Chen, C. Y., et al. (2013). “Efficacy of a Pure Compound HPLC-CL Purity-Identified Oleanolic Acid on Antlers by Velvet Antler Extract.” Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, 21(3), 287-294.
  2. Sleivert, G., et al. (2003). “The effects of deer antler velvet extract or powder supplementation on aerobic power, erythropoiesis, and muscular strength and endurance characteristics.” International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 13(3), 251-265.
  3. Conaglen, H. M., Suttie, J. M., & Conaglen, J. V. (2003). “Effect of deer velvet on sexual function in men and their partners: a double‐blind, placebo‐controlled study.” Archives of Sexual Behavior, 32(3), 271-278.
  4. Church, J. S., et al. (2014). “A systems-based investigation into the therapeutic effects of velvet antler supplementation on aged male rat sexual function.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 154(1), 190-200.
  5. Syrotuik, D. G., et al. (2005). “Effect of elk velvet antler supplementation on the hormonal response to acute and chronic exercise in male and female rowers.” International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 15(4), 366-385.






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